What is a contingency plan? A contingency plan, or “c-plan” is a document which contains instructions that outline steps to be taken before, during, and after an emergency. An oil spill contingency plan contains detailed information on prevention and response activities in the event of an oil spill. Preventing an oil spill from occurring in the first place is the most effective strategy to protecting human health and the environment. A contingency plan (technically an “oil discharge prevention and contingency plan”) includes information on measures taken to prevent a spill from occurring. If an oil spill occurs, however, it is necessary that a systematic and well-organized approach be taken to quickly contain and control a spill. Responding efficiently and effectively to a spill requires that planning for a response be done ahead of time. C-plans contain
- information about emergency actions and notifications that must be taken in the event of a spill
- comprehensive explanations of response organization and chain-of-command structures
- detailed information about the facility or tank vessel.