It is well known that chemically dispersed oil destabilizes after the initial dispersion. There is an extensive body of literature on sufactants and interfacial chemistry, which includes an abundance of experimental data on the tropic as well as many theoretical approaches to it. This report will summarize both the data and the theory. The phenomenon of resurfacing oil is the result of two separate processes: destabilization of oil-in-water emulsion and desorption of surfactant from the oil-water interface which leads to further destabilization.
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