Perhaps the most radical innovation to come out of the Exxon Valdez oil spill was the establishment of permanent, industry-funded citizens’ councils for Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet to oversee both the oil transportation industry and its government regulators.
Before 1989’s Exxon Valdez oil spill there was no way, other than occasional formal public hearings by regulatory agencies, for citizens to advise the oil industry. Those who would be most affected by a spill needed a means to speak directly on operations affecting their communities and livelihoods.
Prior to the Exxon Valdez spill, some Prince William Sound residents attempted to give input to oil industry representatives and had proposed the idea of citizen oversight of the oil industry. These attempts were generally met with negative responses.
Formation of the council
In July 1989, at the suggestion of a group of Cordova fishermen, Alyeska met with a group of affected citizens from the region. Many of those same citizens, along with others, incorporated in December 1989 as the Prince William Sound Regional Citizens’ Advisory Council.
In February 1990, the council signed a contract with Alyeska which guaranteed our independence from the industry, access to Alyeska facilities, and annual funding.
When the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 was passed in August of 1990, it included language which mandated both the Prince William Sound and the Cook Inlet Regional Citizens’ Advisory Councils.
Hear from Rick Steiner, one of the council’s founders, about the formation of the council and other improvements in the Prince William Sound oil transportation system stemming from the Exxon Valdez oil spill:
(Video not working in this page? View it directly on YouTube: Rick Steiner on the formation of the council)
The Exxon spill could have been averted by stronger prevention practices and more vigilant government oversight. Better response planning in advance could have lessened the impacts of the spill. The first three days after the Exxon Valdez oil spill afforded nearly ideal weather for oil recovery. Seas and winds were calm. But what little equipment was available wasn’t ready.
The Exxon Valdez oil spill was not simply a freak accident. While Exxon Corp. was immediately responsible, other factors were also at work. The oil industry, government agencies, elected officials and the citizens of Alaska share responsibility for the complacency that allowed the spill to occur and failed to ensure a prompt, effective cleanup.
- The oil industry failed to maintain adequate systems for preventing and responding to oil spills
- Regulatory agencies failed to protect public resources because of ineffective or inadequate oversight
- State and federal elected officials failed to pass laws strong enough to protect the environment and give regulatory agencies the funds they needed to protect public resources
- Except for a few outspoken local citizens, many Alaskans simply failed to pay attention
Much has been done in the years since 1989 to address the factors that lead to that catastrophic oil spill. New and revised federal and state laws and regulations are in place, and the oil industry operates with a heightened awareness of the consequences of a major spill.
The Prince William Sound Regional Citizens’ Advisory Council believes Alaska waters and the communities affected by the Exxon spill are, in fact, safer today. But we can never relax. Continued vigilance is essential to ensure that protections are not diluted and gains are not lost as memories of the spill fade.
For more information, visit these pages on our website:
About the council’s responsibilities: About us
Details about the spill can be found here: Exxon Valdez oil spill
More information about the work the council does can be found here: Our Work
“Community Involvement Versus Big Oil”:
Effectiveness of Citizen Involvement: